Scientific schools history

Originally BMSTU scientific schools were either founded or rapidly developed by Moscow State University’s faculty, many members of which had classes at both Universities.

You can meet very respectful scientists among them, such as Nikolay Zhukovskiy, Fyodor Orlov, Sergey Vavilov, Sergey Chaplygin etc. These people provided the basis for future fundamental engineering research and high level of studies.
 

PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY INSTITUTE

In 1830 a new Chemistry branch was founded in the young Industrial school. Later the alumni record of this dept. included several members of Russian Academy of Science (Pyotr Shorygin, M. Dubinin, I. Knunyants, N.Vorozhtsov), famous scientists (A.Chichibabin, V.Rodionov, N.Shilov, N.Karavaev, A.Kirsanov, O.Chmutov etc).
A talented alumnus, L. Karpov found the first physics and chemistry laboratory, on that basis new Physics and chemistry institute was founded.
 

ARCHITECTURE AND CONSTRUCTION

Today famous Russian Moscow Architectural Institute back in 1930 was only a part of BMSTU lead by the famous Russian architects M. Cherepashinsky, N. Streletskiy, P.Velikhov. The same year it was made an independent university.
 

AVIATION

Definitely one of the most important sectors, it has its “Godfather” – Nikolay Zhukovskiy, among whose students were the future leaders of Soviet aviation and Space – Andrei Tupolev and Sergei Korolev. Zhukovskiy with his fellows and students found Aerodynamics Experimental bureau, which became the Head of Russian Aviation and Aeronautics.

Almost all famous Soviet aircraft designers graduated from BMSTU: P.Sukhoi (“SU” jet aircrafts), V.Petlyakov (“PE’”aircrafts), S.Lavochkin (“LA” aircrafts), V.Myasischev (Overseas bombardier aircrafts M, later he was the Head of Central Institute of Aerodynamics) etc..
 

ROCKET SCIENCE

All chief rocket designers were Bauman graduates, S.Korolev ( OJSC “S.P. Korolev rocket and space corporation «ENERGIA»”), V.Chelomei (Led today’s NPOMASH Corporation and designed rocket carrier Proton manufactured at Khrunichev Space center),

V.Barmin (Designed takeoff pads), And V.Feodosiev – Head of “Overseas ballistic rockets”
 

NUCLEAR POWER

Especially after American nuclear bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki soviet research in this field was accelerated as much as possible. The nuclear power plants R&D was by Nikolay Dollezhal, an experienced chemistry sector professional. His team designed the 1st soviet nuclear power plant, research and industrial reactors, nuclear engines for submarines. A lot of Bauman graduates were involved in nuclear weapons manufacturing at Arzamas and Chelyabinsk factories.
 

IT

The R&D of the first soviet computers was provided by our graduate S.Lebedev. By the time of 1954 the fastest computer in Europe was developed in the USSR. The same scientific school was found at Bauman in late 1930s.
 

ARTILLERY AND AMMUNITION

Artillery systems and ammunition was delivered into MHTS charge before the World War 2. Subdepartments – “Artillery", "Artillery Systems Engineering", "Artillery Systems Production"- were founded in 1938, the following year "Ballistics" and "Ammunition" were established, "Explosives" was founded in 1956.

The first Head of “Track-type machines” major was M.Kristy, who designed and implemented new tank steering system, which significantly improved tank’s ability to maneuver. 15 chair graduates became laureates of State Prize of USSR, chief design engineers at different bureaus and research institutes including P.Isakov – chief designer of Armored Personnel Carrier and A.Kemurdjian – the designer of lunar rover.

Mechanic processing has always been a part of Craft School, first chair “Metal and wood technology” was founded by 1882 graduate A.Gavrilenko. His most popular book “Manufacturing technology” was published at the turn of centuries and had been reprinted during next 40 years.. The same time Material science research was started A.Bochvar (1897), who was the author of Metallurgy and metallographic course. One of his students I.Sidorin later founded the Aviation material science school.
 

MACHINEBUILDING TECHNOLOGY

First researches in the metals forming were conducted in 1930 at just-founded chair led by E.Popov. 3 years later Metal rolling chair was organized, managed by A.Tselikov, who later became an academician. Exactly the same time Welding chair was raised, in 1947 - 1989 led by G.Nikolayev, BMSTU chancellor (1964-1984).

In 1929-1930 several laboratories engaged in metal cutting were united in one chair “Metal-cutting tools”, managed by group of professors (I.Besprozvannyy, G.Shaumyan, M.Saverin, A.Britkin, A,Pronikov etc ) Together with doctor V.Kovan and his close associates V.Korsakov and A.Dalskiy today the scientific school of machine-building technology is developed.
 

POWER ENGINEERING

The Russian power engineering school takes its roots at Moscow University, where several professors of fundamental and applied physics chair (V.Sheglyaev, P.Lazarev, N.Mertsalov etc.) had projects at Bauman also.

Professor V. Uvarov designed the first in the world high temperature turbofan. He founded the subdepartment gas turbine engineering that was the first in the country. In 1948 there was established liquid rocket engines subdepartment. Professor M. Popov became its holder
 

RADIO ENGINEERING

Evidently all engineering majors connected with computers and radio experienced rapid growth later than traditional engineering sectors. In 1917 Russian Empire Marine Ministry proposed to develop training programs for radio engineers. It was by M.Shuleikin and M.Bonch-bruevich. Aviation radio devices, gyros and robotics were successfully designed and later implemented by Bauman scientists E.Fedosov, E.Popov, B.Bulgakov, S.Tikhmenyov, D.Pelpor and the Academician of Russian Academy of science N.Pilyugin .

Optic systems manufacturing major was lead by scientist S.Freiberg, who was invited to BMSTU in 1950s. Automatic control systems sector and especially frequency methods was developed by V.Solodovnikov with his team. The biggest university’s radar laboratory was developed by academician A.Kugushev. Later it was lead by its graduate I.Fyodorov, who served as BMSTU chancellor (1991-2010) and is an experienced professional in long-range radars.

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